Employment Effects in GEMIS

GEMIS models and calculated not only the environmental and cost effects along life-cycles of energy, materials and transport processes but also the direct and indirect employment effects. The basic scheme of this balance is shown in the following graph for the example of biogenic energy for heating.


The direct employment effects are stored in the GEMIS database as part of the process information, the indirect effects are calculated from investment and O&M costs using country-specific input-output tables.

Based on the location stored for all GEMIS processes, the model can also disaggregate results into a coarse spatial differentiation.