Energy is the driving force of human interaction with nature. Energy flows are the base of modern economies and societies, and cross borders and sectors.

IINAS research on energy addresses

IINAS develops strategies for sustainable energy from local to global scales, and works with governmental, private sector and civil society actors in that regard.

To define sustainable energy systems, IINAS develops, uses and disseminates the GEMIS model which calculates life-cycle emissions, costs and employment effects.